Plantain, Narrow-leaved, Plantago lanceolata

Life Cycle

Perennial.

Propagation

Reproducing only by seed.

Stems

Wirey green and leafless stem.

Leaves

Narrow leaves which have very prominent, almost parallel veins or ribs which run the length of the leaf, sometimes the blade being strongly folded lengthwise along each rib.

Flowers and Fruit

Short, compact, somewhat oval spike of tiny flowers at the ends of long, thin, leafless stems; at flowering, the spike surrounded by a halo of anthers at the ends of long thin stamens protruding from the flowers. The seedpod contains only 1 or 2 seeds each about 3 mm long. Flowers from spring until late autumn and the plant may act as an annual or perennial.

Habitat

It occurs throughout Ontario in pastures, meadows, roadsides, cultivated fields, lawns and gardens.

Distinguishing Features

It is distinguished by its rosette of long, narrow leaves with prominent, parallel veins, and its slender, leafless stems tipped with short, dense oval spikes of tiny flowers.


Figure #1.

A. Plant B. Seedling


Figure #2.

Cotyledon


Figure #3.

4 leaf seedling


Figure #4.

Narrow leaves with prominent parallel veins


Figure #5.

Flower head


Figure #6.

half mature flower head


Figure #7.

Mature seed head


Figure #8.

Seedpod and seeds


Figure #9.

Whole plant